E-Government United Nations
We are living through a digital revolution that is changing the world with new technologies.
The explosion of new technology such as artificial intelligence; the emergence of big data; the growth of data science and robotics; these are all building on each other to impact our lives.
These emerging technologies are also impacting our public services. Digital government is bringing with it significant changes in how people live and interact with each other and their public services.
The United Nations conducts a survey on E-Government every two years. The benchmark survey was conducted in 2001.
In 2018, the survey results highlighted a “persistent positive global trend towards higher levels of e-government development.”The survey ranks countries on an E-Government Development Index (EGDI). Denmark ranked first in 2018 in the study on e-government development. The country has been implementing its Digital Strategy 2016-2020. The strategy is digitizing the public sector and its interactions with business and industry. Denmark also made digital government-citizen interactions mandatory. Public sector agencies at the local, regional and centralized levels are all moving to digitization.
So how did Canada do?
Canada ranked 23 out of the 193 UN member states. It is still considered at the level of “Very High” EGDI. Nations are placed in subgroups of Very High, High, Middle, and Low. In 2018, 40 countries scored very high, compared to only 10 in 2003, and 29 in 2016. So progress is being made.
E-Government in Action
The E-Government United Nations report provides some interesting examples. The three most-used online services are:
- paying for utilities – 140 countries
- submitting income taxes – 139 countries
- registering new businesses – 126 countries
The UN is tracking identity registration at birth as a United Nations-proclaimed human right. The number of countries where citizens can apply for birth registration online rose significantly in the four years between the 2014 survey and the 2018 survey. In fact, it almost doubled from 44 nations in 2016 to 86 in 2018.
The UN is also tracking trends in:
- Open government data
- Mobile service delivery
- E-participation and public engagement, including E-information, E-decision making and E-consultation
The number of nations that provide online services using emails, mobile app, downloadable forms and SMS/RSS feed updates is increasing across all sectors.
There are many intriguing examples of e-government service delivery cited in the report:
- Internet voting in Estonia.
- E-participation activities in Brazil and Finland.
- E-transform and E-Ghana projects in Ghana.
- The move of Belarus into the “Very High” category through its e-government development project.
The E-Government United Nations study shows us that online service provision has been steadily improving in all UN nations. Even among those countries that have the lowest ranking in the Online Service Index, 74 per cent provide at least one kind of online service. And efforts continue to focus service delivery on ensuring the most vulnerable citizens are not “left behind” in the digitization process.
Vivvo, as a leading digital government enabler, can help governments achieve their digital transformation goals. We focus on simplifying citizen access to online services and applications with a focus on usability, privacy and security. To schedule an in-depth discussion on your digital journey visit https://www.vivvo.com/contact/
It’s been 28 years since Estonia restored its status as a sovereign nation. In that time, it has made incredible leaps and bounds and is now considered a world leader in digital government services.
That’s a far cry from its humble beginnings following Soviet occupation when, in 1991, Estonia had little technology. Less than half its population even had a telephone line. But the country decided to focus on Information Technology and the Internet as the cornerstones of its new economy.
As governments all over the world look to make improvements to delivering citizen services effectively online, the United States offers some examples of how it can work well.
In the U.S., the House of Representatives recently passed the “Modernizing Government Technology Act” which provides an opportunity to invest in new digital services and enhance the experience of its citizens. The current administration is working toward improving citizens’ digital interactions with government.
By definition Identity Assurance in the context of federated identity management is the measurement of certainty that an individual, organization, or device is who or what it claims to be. Generally speaking, this degree of certainty is built through a Trusted Digital Identity Acceptance Policy that will Verify and Validate Identity claims.
Estonians have built an efficient, secure and transparent digital ecosystem and we can all learn from the path they have blazed. An astounding 99% of public services are available to Estonian citizens as e-services. In Canada, we can learn a lot from them about eGovernment transformation.
Many Canadians are still uncertain what “digital government” means and what a move to digital government can do for them. The concept of digital government in Canada is pushing government officials to understand the opportunities presented by technology and how it can help them meet the needs of citizens and improve the lives of the public they serve.
Now more than ever, government faces fiscal challenges, so technology provides an opportunity to look at delivering public services more effectively, and at a lower cost.
Going digital can help government deliver services better and far more cost effectively. Digital is also the way many of us, as well as future generations, are used to doing business.
The CitizenOne Trust Framework connects a citizen’s profile information to other trusted data sources, with the citizen’s consent, to verify the identity of the citizen and build a trusted profile. The Trust Framework also allows a citizen to make the choice to “marshall” or move data between service providers he or she authorizes.
CitizenOne delivers a robust relationship management capability that allows a citizen to connect their profile to other roles, or personas, that they may have in their daily lives (e.g. business owners, employees, parents). Once the citizen has established their profile and added a persona they can select that persona and interact with government in the context of “who they are at the time”. An example we commonly use is a citizen creating a CitizenOne profile to interact with government services as a citizen and then adding a business owner persona that allows them to interact with government on behalf of their business.
Where is your organization in your move towards digital transformation? How can you move towards being a Digital Leader? It all starts with leadership and creating a culture of collaboration and willingness to change. Once you have that, building the digital capabilities becomes a whole lot easier.
An excerpt from a document that was recently published, it explains some of the focus areas and principles that the Government of Singapore (Ministry of Family) is considering throughout their digital transformation. The ideas are very relevant to governments involved in digital transformation.
Worldwide there is a growing trend towards protecting the data and privacy of users when interacting with organizations through digital channels. The GDPR, for example, is European Union regulation that will safeguard the data and privacy of its citizens. Some of the most challenging requirements of the trend towards these new forms of regulation centre around the need to collect consent from end users before obtaining and making use of their personal data.
An interesting innovation paper that explores how the advance of internet and information communications
technology (ICTs) can have a significant impact on the application of the democratic process and
explains how digital identity authentication and proof of residency are employed to ensure
authenticated engagement. This paper shares the experience and learnings of DIACC Member
As public-sector organizations strive to become entirely digitized, adopting a low-code approach can save time and costs. More importantly, it can ensure that all creative minds in an organization are working together to accelerate digital transformation.
After the announcement of the UK government’s Digital by Default Service Standard, it could have been concluded that the public sector was facing its greatest challenge of a generation. In the years since the pressure has only increased, and the subsequent challenges have been vigorously felt.
Despite the digital imperative presented by both citizen demand and government strategy, government agencies have been either slow to respond or have had limited success in implementing digital transformation projects. In some cases, this is a symptom of IT project issues that are often encountered by a government (e.g. project spending overruns, poor outcomes); however, it is important to note that four areas are key to achieving the desired outcomes.
There is no doubt that digital is the most accessible, productive and cost-efficient way for a government to deliver services to the public and for the public to engage with government. With the worldwide proliferation of smartphones and tablets, the public expects to be able to engage with government seamlessly over the digital channel.